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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 53-61

Setting the global agenda for social psychiatry: child and adolescent psychiatric perspectives

1 Department of Psychiatry, Cooper Medical School of Rowan University, Camden, New Jersey, USA
2 Department of Psychiatry and Public Health, Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine, International University, Miami, Florida, USA
3 Department of Psychiatry, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida, USA

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Rama Rao Gogineni
Department of Psychiatry, Cooper Medical School of Rowan University, Camden, New Jersey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/WSP.WSP_12_19

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History of child psychiatry is interlocked with society, child-rearing, family, and many social psychiatric aspects. Children make up one-third of the world's population and are the most physically, economically, and socially vulnerable group. Mental health problems represent the largest burden of disease among young people. Worldwide, 10%–20% of children and adolescents experience mental disorders. For the last 200 years, understanding of children and adolescents, their vulnerabilities, resilience, and treatments to enhance their mental health has been exploding. As we entered the 21st century with industrialization, urbanization, modernization, and globalization along with many aspects of our lives, children's mental health, and their rights, advocacy for their health has been of intense research and care. In this article, we address some of the most relevant topics – contributions of culture, immigration, digitalization, child maltreatment, discrimination, stigma, changes in the family structure. We also report here the efforts of the United Nations and various countries, with special emphasis on low- and middle-income countries. Finally, we also advocate various ways for children's mental health advancement from a social psychiatric perspective.

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