World Social Psychiatry

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 24--30

Social Anxiety Disorder among Undergraduate Students: Exploring Association with Self-esteem and Personality Traits


Adetunji Obadeji1, Banji Ferdinand Kumolalo2 
1 Department of Psychiatry, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital; Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
2 Department of Psychiatry, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Adetunji Obadeji
Department of Psychiatry, Ekiti State University Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, PMB 5535, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State
Nigeria

Background: Social phobia impacts negatively on the social and academic life of students and exerts a detrimental effect on the quality of life of the bearer. The study examined the burden of social anxiety disorder (SAD), the relationship of SAD with sociodemographic variables and self-esteem, and the big five personality traits correlates of both SAD and self-esteem among undergraduate students. Methods: Participants completed the Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN), the Big Five Personality Trait Inventory (BFPI), Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and a sociodemographic questionnaire. The relationships between variables were explored using bivariate and multivariate statistics. Results: Two hundred and eighty (62.5%) participants reported significant SAD, mostly in the mild form (50.9%). There was a significant negative correlation between the SPIN scores and the total score on BFPI, extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness, and self-esteem and a positive correlation with the neuroticism subscale. Similarly, a significant positive correlation with self-esteem and agreeableness, extraversion and conscientiousness, and a negative correlation between neuroticism subscale of BFPI were noted. Younger age also significantly increased the risk of social anxiety among the participants. Conclusions: The burden of social phobia among the undergraduate students was high, and highly correlated with personality traits and self-esteem. The study underscores the need to consider several factors in reducing social performance anxiety among undergraduate students with central effort geared toward reducing neuroticism and promotion of positive self-imagery and appraisal.


How to cite this article:
Obadeji A, Kumolalo BF. Social Anxiety Disorder among Undergraduate Students: Exploring Association with Self-esteem and Personality Traits.World Soc Psychiatry 2022;4:24-30


How to cite this URL:
Obadeji A, Kumolalo BF. Social Anxiety Disorder among Undergraduate Students: Exploring Association with Self-esteem and Personality Traits. World Soc Psychiatry [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Jul 6 ];4:24-30
Available from: https://www.worldsocpsychiatry.org/article.asp?issn=2667-1077;year=2022;volume=4;issue=1;spage=24;epage=30;aulast=Obadeji;type=0